Leadership can simply be defined as the ability of an organization or an individual to lead other individuals, teams, or even organizations. Leadership is also not just a practical skill but it is also a rather important research area. There are various thinkers and scientists from all across the globe who have researched about this particular topic. These scientists and thinkers have also given a number of theories on this particular topic of leadership. However, before proceeding to discuss the various theories which are given on the topic of leadership, the readers can first learn about the various skills which are associated with leadership.
Essential Qualities for Leadership
It is commonly said that it takes a lot of efforts for an individual to be an effective leader. And this fact is rather true. That is why there are a few qualities which are always associated with a great leader. And some of those essential qualities for leadership are mentioned below.
There are certain scenarios where an individual might have to make a big decision. Usually, this can put a lot of stress on that individual. However, if the same scenario is presented to a leader then that leader must be able to make quick decisions. That leader must also be willing to take the necessary risks
Having the Skills of a Manager
Individuals who are good at their jobs are often pushed to a position of a leader. And while this can work in certain scenarios but it is often not a good idea in the long run. That is why it is extremely important for a leader to have management skills. This would help the leader in directing the entire team which might be working with the leader
Possessing a certain sort of charisma is one of those qualities which are associated with great leaders from all across the globe. This is simply because of the fact that people tend to follow those who are well-liked and have a certain charm in their manners. Charismatic individuals also possess good convincing skills which can become quite handy for a leader
A good leader should have faith in both his or her capability and those of his or her entire team. This is why it is extremely important for a good leader to empower his or her team members whenever things seem a little difficult or rough. This will help the entire team in moving forward
There are also other qualities that a good leader must possess. And some of those qualities include being loyal, having a sincere enthusiasm, possessing integrity, having great communication skills, and many other qualities. These are some of the most essential skills that any great leader must possess.
Eight Theories of Leadership
In this section, the readers will find information about the different theories which were given on the topic of leadership. There will be total eights theories of leadership which will be discussed in this academic writing piece. And those eight theories of leadership are mentioned below.
1.Great Man Theories of Leadership
This is one of the most outdated theories about leadership but this is also one of the most inspirational ones. According to this theory, some people are born with skills which make them great leaders. This theory suggests that individuals are born with a combination of skills which makes them a great leader.
2.Trait Theories of Leadership
This theory was put forward during the 1900s when a group of researchers examined the traits of the individuals who were considered to be great leaders. This theory also suggests that great leaders are born with some qualities or skills which separate them from the rest of the population. There are also a few traits which all great leaders possess and those traits are sociability, integrity, determination, self-confidence, and intelligence.
3.Situational Theories of Leadership
This is a widely recognized theory of leadership which was given by Blanchard and Hersey. There are two different types of leadership approached. And those two types of leadership approaches are the democratic style and the authoritarian approach. In this approach, it is stated that leaders can choose to follow either of these approaches depending upon the kind of team or followers that they might have.
4.Contingency Theories of Leadership
This particular theory of leadership was developed by Fred Fiedler and his group of associates. In this leadership theory, it is stated that there are different leadership styles. And the usage of these leadership styles is dependent on the kind of situation which might either be favorable or unfavorable to the individual. The biggest strength of this theory is that it is predictive in its nature. However, this theory fails to explain why some individuals might be effective in one situation while they might not be that effective in other situations.
5.Behavioral Theories of Leadership
The basic emphasis of this theory is on the statement that all leaders are made and not born. This theory simply refuses the statement that leaders are born with qualities or traits which separate them from the rest of the population.
6. Transactional Theories of Leadership
This theory of leadership is also known as Management Theory of Leadership. This theory is specifically focused on different workplace issues like organization or group performance and supervision. The applications of this theory can also be found in various group sports. This theory is an alpha based theory. It basically means that in this theory it is believed that the leader tells everybody about what to do and when to do it.
7. Participative Leadership Theories
In this theory of leadership, the participation of all the followers is extremely appreciated. In this theory, a strong emphasis is placed on sharing ideas and coming up with a strong solution. However, it is still the leader who holds the main power and is also the end decision maker. In this theory, all the followers are also offered a lot of autonomy.
8. Transformational Theories of Leadership
These theories of leadership are also known as the Relationship Theories of Leadership. In this theory, a strong emphasis is placed on the kind of relationship that all leaders and followers have between them. In this theory, the leaders are always concerned with the greater good. There are a number of skills and qualities that leaders possess according to this theory. And some of those skills are charismatic, coaching abilities, stimulation skills, and the ability to inspire.
In the most common and simple terms, leadership can be defined as the ability of an individual or an organization to lead some other individual, group, or an organization. There are a number of skills or qualities which are associated with good leaders. And some of those skills include empowerment, possessing charisma, being decisive, having the skills of a manager, and many other different skills. This particular topic of leadership has also been researched by a number of different scientists and thinkers from all across the globe. There are also eight famous theories about leadership. And those eight theories of leadership are transformational theories of leadership, participative leadership theories, transactional theories of leadership, behavioral theories of leadership, contingency theories of leadership, situational theories of leadership, trait theories of leadership, and great man theories of leadership.