Schizophrenia is a type of mental illness or psychological disorder. This psychological disorder is characterized by disorganized speech, abnormal behavioral patterns, and the sense of an individual being out of touch with his or her reality. There are many symptoms of this mental illness. And most of those symptoms are categorized as positive symptoms, negative symptoms, and cognitive symptoms. Some common symptoms of this psychological disorder include hearing voices that do not exist, confused or unclear thinking, various false beliefs, reduced emotional expression, and lack of motivation and engagement. There are also various types of schizophrenia including paranoid schizophrenia, disorganized schizophrenia, residual schizophrenia, undistinguished schizophrenia, and catatonic schizophrenia.

It is important for an individual to know that schizophrenia has a multi-dimensional nature which makes this psychological disorder very complex. Because of this, there is still a lot which the medical experts do not know about. Hence, there are many students who find this topic to be interesting and try to write assignments on it. But this is often very difficult for a student and they end up losing. This is not good for a student. Hence, it is recommended that if a student is facing difficulties in completing an assignment then he or she should hire the best quality assignment help from an assignment writer.

Understanding Schizophrenia and the Impact of Schizophrenia on Daily Life

As it was mentioned above, schizophrenia is a psychological disorder which is characterized by different symptoms like disorganized speech, abnormal behavioral patterns, and being out of touch with the real world. According to medical experts, schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness that has a huge effect on how an individual thinks. It is also important for an individual to know that schizophrenia is not a common medical condition. However, the symptoms of schizophrenia can be very disabling and can have many negative effects too. There are also different types of schizophrenia. A category of schizophrenia will discuss here

  • Paranoid Schizophrenia

Paranoid schizophrenia is a type of schizophrenia in which the individual primarily suffers from the false belief that other people are out there to get him or her. This makes it hard for an individual to trust others and believe what they might be stating.

  • Catatonic Schizophrenia

In catatonic schizophrenia, an individual primarily suffers from catatonic symptoms like catatonia rigidity, catatonic stupor, and other conditions. Here, the individual either holds an uncomfortable position for a very long-time period or he or she keeps fidgeting and moving for a very long time.

  • Undifferentiated Schizophrenia

This is a category of schizophrenia in which all individuals fall who do not match with any other types of schizophrenia.

  • Residual Schizophrenia

In this type of schizophrenia, the individual primarily suffers from various symptoms like blunt effect. This basically means that the individual shows rather diluted emotions or emotions with very little intensity.

  • Disorganized Schizophrenia

In disorganized schizophrenia, the individual primarily suffers from disorganized speech and thought patterns. This condition can have severe negative effects on the social, professional, and academic life of an individual.

These are the five major types of schizophrenia which have been differentiated by the American Psychological Organization in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).

 

Schizophrenia Symptoms

the symptoms of schizophrenia start to manifest by the time they reach the age of 16 and 30. Schizophrenia includes a range of multi-dimensional symptoms which has three categories. Those are-

  • Positive Symptoms

Here, the first thing which an individual needs to know is that positive does not necessarily mean something good here. Instead, the word ‘positive’  used to refer to the symptoms which add on to the normal experiences of an individual. People who suffer from these positive symptoms tend to lose touch with reality and have their own version of reality. Some positive symptoms are delusions, hallucinations, movement disorders, and thought disorders.

  • Negative Symptoms

Negative symptoms refer to the category of symptoms that disrupt the normal behavioral patterns of an individual. Some common negative symptoms include reduced speaking, difficulty in the beginning and sustaining activities, flat affect etc.

  • Cognitive Symptoms

Individuals who suffer from schizophrenia also suffer from a range of cognitive symptoms. Some of these cognitive symptoms are issues in paying attention, issues if focusing, poor executive functioning, and problems with the working memory. It is important for an individual to know that the intensity of these symptoms can differ from one patient to another who might be suffering from schizophrenia.

The Causes and Risk Factors

There are no set causes or risk factors that result in an individual suffering from schizophrenia. Instead, there are a number of risk factors that work together to result in the suffering from schizophrenia. And some of those risk factors discussed given below-

Genes and the Environment

Studies that point to the fact that schizophrenia is actually caused due to a combination of both the genetic makeup of an individual and the kind of environment. This means that there are specific genes responsible for causing schizophrenia. And when certain environmental factors are present in the environment of those individuals with the gene then that individual develops schizophrenia. Some of those environmental factors include exposure to viruses, issues during birth, malnutrition, and many psychosocial factors.

  • The Structure and Chemistry of the Brain

Other potential causes of schizophrenia can also be the imbalances that might be present in the brains of people who suffer from schizophrenia. There are also some structural abnormalities in the brain which can result in the individual suffering from schizophrenia. For example, neurotransmitters named glutamate and dopamine play some sort of role in causing schizophrenia.

Schizophrenia Treatment

Thankfully, even though the exact causes of schizophrenia are unknown, there are many therapies and treatment methods that one can adopt or get to manage the symptoms of this disease. And some of those different treatment methods will discuss here.

  • Antipsychotic medications
  • Psychosocial therapies
  • Coordinated Specialty Care (CSC)

There are other treatment methods that are available too. Hence, if an individual is suffering from schizophrenia then it is important for him or her to contact a medical expert and get the right kind of help. The mental health expert would be able to determine the best course of treatment for the individual who is suffering from schizophrenia depending on the exact details of the case and the individual.

The Conclusion:

Schizophrenia is a chronic mental health condition that has five different types. Symptoms of schizophrenia because of which they have been categorized into three types including positive symptoms, negative symptoms, and cognitive symptoms. Some various risk factors or potential causes of schizophrenia-like genes, environment factors, brain structural abnormalities, and issues which the neurotransmitters which are present in the brain. There are many types of treatment options available for individuals who suffer from schizophrenia. Hence, there are many students who try to write assignments on it. The instant assignment writer would be able to help the student in getting the best possible grades or marks.

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